30 I will extol you, O Lord, for you have drawn me up
and have not let my foes rejoice over me.
2 O Lord my God, I cried to you for help,
and you have healed me.
3 O Lord, you have brought up my soul from Sheol;
you restored me to life from among those who go down to the pit.[a]
4 Sing praises to the Lord, O you his saints,
and give thanks to his holy name.[b]
5 For his anger is but for a moment,
and his favor is for a lifetime.[c]
Weeping may tarry for the night,
but joy comes with the morning.
6 As for me, I said in my prosperity,
“I shall never be moved.”
7 By your favor, O Lord,
you made my mountain stand strong;
you hid your face;
I was dismayed.
8 To you, O Lord, I cry,
and to the Lord I plead for mercy:
9 “What profit is there in my death,[d]
if I go down to the pit?[e]
Will the dust praise you?
Will it tell of your faithfulness?
10 Hear, O Lord, and be merciful to me!
O Lord, be my helper!”
11 You have turned for me my mourning into dancing;
you have loosed my sackcloth
and clothed me with gladness,
12 that my glory may sing your praise and not be silent.
O Lord my God, I will give thanks to you forever!
This week I choose Psalm 30. It is a Psalm of David, dedicated at the temple to Yahweh. This poem is a praise to Yahweh for saving him from an illness. Although no previous books mention an illness of David and therefore we don’t the exact history of this Psalm; it is important to recognize that David is giving praise for the good works Yahweh has done in his life.
The basic summery of this psalm is that; after Yahweh saved him from the illness he calls for others to praise Yahweh, then praises God for his deliverance. Since this poem is a testimonial, exalts God, and places all attention on God; it is considered a Psalm of Praise. More specifically it is a “thanksgiving” or “Todah Psalm”.This Psalm follows the body of the Todah which includes the testimony, the experience, and a overall tone of joy. (http://www.crivoice.org/psalmgenre.html)
This poem is filled with many different poetic devices. The first one I noticed was that in verse 9. Verse 9 is filled with rhetorical questions. He is asking rhetorically what will be the purpose of his life if it ends, this also means that he is praising Yahweh for saving his life and will continue to give Yahweh praise.
Verse 11 uses imagery to help us better understand the joy that David is feeling. He is so filled with joy he goes from mourning to dancing. He says he is so happy that the only thing clothing him is gladness. Now it is not realistic to think of David dancing around naked in joy. That is why this imagery is so powerful.
This psalm is also full of synonymous parallelism.Throughout the poem he repeats his thankfullness, faithfulness, joy, priase, and glory. All from the same reason of his being saved from illness. He is thankful through out the whole poem and shows it through parallelism.